5 endangered animals you should meet
One in eight birds, one in four mammals and one third of amphibians are threatened with extinction. According to International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), there are 16,306 endangered species, including animals and plants. IUCN red list is the primary source of the state of global biodiversity. Here are five animals that are currently endangered.
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The the biggest turtles on earth, leatherback turtles can reach 2,200 pounds. The only turtle without a hard shell, its name comes from the appearance of its leathery appearance. Incredibly, they have changed very little in the millions of years of their existence. These sea turtles can swim an impressive 10,000 miles each year to get to their nesting area. With remarkable diving skills, leatherback turtles are known to dive to almost 4,000 feet and can stay underwater for over an hour. They became endangered due to a variety of problems, including ocean pollution, loss of nesting habitat, ship strikes and climate change. They feed almost entirely on a diet of jellyfish, which provides enough food and strength for their needs. It’s not that jellyfish are packed with nutritional value – it’s the volume of the amount consumed. Leatherback turtles eat more than 70 percent of their body weight each day, totaling about 16,000 calories. To verify this video, who captured a leatherback turtle eating a jellyfish.
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Found in the rainforests of Borneo and Sumatra, the orangutan is lose its habitat due to deforestation, mainly due to the clearing of islands by the paper / pulp and palm oil industries. Unfortunately, they are also killed by workers in the oil palm plantations. At the current rate, the Sumatran orangutan is expected to become extinct within 10 years, and the Borneo orangutan will follow soon. These animals share 97 percent of our DNA and are very smart – with the ability to use tools, conceptualize, understand others and learn sign language. There is even evidence that they know how to use deception. Orangutans have a close relationship with their offspring, with babies nursing until they are six years old. Males stay with mothers for several years after that, while females stay until their teenage years. Interesting fact: orangutans have the longest time between births from any animal – only once every eight years.
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Despite a common name, these animals are not closely related to the more familiar giant panda, which is actually a bear. In fact, red pandas are the only members of the Ailuridae family. Found in the mountains high forest regions of Asia, the red panda was first described in 1825. The name “ailurus” means “fire-colored cat”. The name was given by the French zoologist Frédéric Cuvier, who admired their beauty. Although the red panda and the giant panda consume bamboo as their main food source, the red panda only eats the tips and leaves of the shoots, while the giant panda eats all parts. Their habitat has been adversely affected by land use planning for agriculture, housing and commercial use. Red pandas are also hunted for their meat and fur. It is believed that there is less than 10,000 there were wild red pandas left, and perhaps as few as 2,500; because they live in hard-to-reach areas, it is difficult to accurately track their numbers. Usually they live high in trees, descending only for water.
Sri Lankan Elephant
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Like many endangered animals, Sri Lankan elephants face habitat loss due to forest clearing. Due to obstacles along their migratory route due to land use planning, only a few thousand of these elephants remain. Sri Lankan elephant is an Asian elephant. Interestingly, females generally don’t grow tusks like the African elephant does. As is the case with all elephants, the Sri Lankan variety is very intelligent. In fact, elephants are one of only three animals that can recognize themselves in a mirror, the others being the dolphin and the great apes. Baby Sri Lankan elephants are born weighing between 200 and 300 pounds, but can reach a weight of 12,000 pounds (for males) and reach heights in excess of 11 feet. Those huge animals are megaherbivores, eating only plants. In order to get enough nutrients, they must spend half the day feeding themselves, requiring up to 10 percent of their body weight in food per day. These majestic creatures can live up to (and even beyond) 60 years in the wild.
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The rarest marine mammal in the world, the vaquita is on the brink of extinction. These shy little porpoises join whales and dolphins as part of the cetacean family. Discovered in 1957, it is believed to exist only ten still alive. Found only in the upper Gulf of California in Mexico, they have been decimated by gillnets which are used to catch totoaba fish, whose swim bladders are very expensive on the Chinese black market. The head of vaquitas can pass through the net, but not their body. When trapped there is very little chance that they will ever break free. Although gillnets have been banned in the vaquitas area, illegal fishing is still practiced. In an effort to protect them, the Mexican government established a vaquita safe zone in 2017 – and expanded it in 2020. Unfortunately, in the summer of 2021, the Mexican government effectively removed the protections in allowing access for fishermen to the previously prohibited area.