It happened today – this day in history
1148: The Crusaders abandon their siege of Damascus.
1540: Thomas Cromwell, Prime Minister of Henry VIII is executed for treason and heresy. On the same day, the 49-year-old king marries his fifth wife, 17-year-old Catherine Howard.
1643: Oliver Cromwell defeats the Royalists at the Battle of Gainsborough at Lincs.
1741: Death of the composer Antonio Vivaldi at the age of 63.
1742: Prussia and Austria sign a peace treaty.
1750: Death of the composer Johann Sebastian Bach at the age of 65.
1790: Henry James Pye is appointed Poet Laureate by George III.
1794: French revolutionary Maximillien Robespierre and 22 others are guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris.
1821: Peru declares its independence from Spain.
1858: First use of fingerprints as a means of identification by Sir William James Herschel of the Indian Civil Service.
1866: Birth of children’s author Beatrix Potter in London.
1886: The government of Lord Salisbury is formed.
1887: Birth of the artist and sculptor Marcel Duchamp in Blainville-Crevon, France.
1900: The hamburger is created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut.
1904: Russian Interior Minister Vyacheslav Plehve is assassinated.
1914: The foxtrot is danced for the first time at the New Amsterdam Roof Garden in New York. On the same day, the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, orders the British Grand Fleet to Scapa Flow and Austria-Hungary renounces mediation and declares war on Serbia – the first declaration of war of the First World War.
1915: Due to virtual anarchy, US Marines land in Haiti on the orders of President Woodrow Wilson. This leads to an occupation that will last 19 years.
1917: Silent Parade of 10,000 African Americans marching down 5th Avenue in New York to protest the lynching.
1928: The Summer Olympics open in Amsterdam.
1929: France defeats the USA in Paris and wins the Davis Cup.
1931: Mafia hitman Vincent Coll allegedly participates in an attempted kidnapping that ends in the death of a child, earning him the nickname “Mad Dog”.
1932: US President Herbert Hoover uses federal troops to evict the bonus army of World War I veterans and their families from their encampment, killing four.
1935: Belgian Romain Maes wins the Tour de France.
1942: The Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in the ghetto of Minsk, Belarus.
1943: RAF bombings of Hamburg cause a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians.
1954: “On the Waterfront”, directed by Elia Kazan with Marlon Brando, is released.
1956: Gene Vincent makes his first national television appearance in the United States on The Perry Como Show.
1957: Jerry Lee Lewis makes his first national television appearance in the United States on The Steve Allen Show.
1959: The UK begins to use postcodes.
1962: Mariner I falls into the Atlantic Ocean.
1964: Ranger 7 is launched to the Moon. On the same day, Broadway musical actress and singer Ethel Merman (56) is divorcing Oscar-winning actor Ernest Borgnine after just 32 days of marriage.
1965: President Lyndon Johnson commits 50,000 additional American troops to the conflict in Vietnam.
1969: Moscow police report that thousands of public telephone booths were vandalized after thieves stole parts of telephones to convert their acoustic guitars to electric. An article in a Russian youth magazine had shown details of how to do this. On the same day, songwriter Frank Loesser died at the age of 59.
1972: Thousands of British dockworkers go on official strike in a bid to save jobs.
1973: Over 600,000 attend Watkins Glen outdoor summer jam outside New York with The Allman Brothers Band, The Grateful Dead and The Band.
1976: An 8.3 magnitude earthquake hits China, killing up to 250,000 people.
1977: Ian Botham takes 5-74 on his Test debut against Australia at Trent Bridge.
1984: The Olympic Games open in Los Angeles.
1986: NASA releases the January transcript of the doomed space shuttle Challenger where pilot Michael Smith can be heard saying “Uh-oh!” as the spacecraft disintegrated.
1988: Paddy Ashdown is elected first leader of the new Social and Liberal Democratic Party. On the same day, Jordan cancels a $1.3 billion West Bank development plan and Winnie Mandella’s home in Soweto, South Africa, is destroyed by arsonists.
1991: Spanish rider Miguel Induráin wins his first of five consecutive Tour de France titles.
1996: Shangri-Las’ Marge Ganser dies of breast cancer.
- Wannabe – The Spice Girls
- Kill Me Softly – The Fugees
- Mystery Girl – Peter Andre ft Bubbler Ranx
- Macarena – Los Del Rio
- Everything Must Go – Manic Street Preachers
- Born Slippery – Underworld
- Head on toes – Alanis Morissette
- Higher State of Consciousness – Wink
- Woman – Neneh Cherry
- Love Forever – Gary Barlow
Ranking of albums:
- Little Jagged Pill – Alanis Morissette
- Moseley Shoals – Ocean Color Scene
- The Smurfs Go Pop! – The Smurfs
- Recurrent dream: Best Of – Crowded house
- Falling Into You – Celine Dion
- (What’s the story) Morning Glory? – Oasis
- Wildest Dreams – Tina Turner
- The score – The Fugees
- 1977 – Ash
- Older – George Michael
2000: Nearly 80 men imprisoned for terrorist offenses are released from Maze prison in Northern Ireland.
2005: The IRA formally orders an end to its armed campaign and declares that it will pursue exclusively peaceful means. On the same day, a tornado touched down in a residential area in South Birmingham, causing damage worth £4million.
2008: Amy Winehouse is rushed to hospital after she started having seizures at her home in Camden following a reaction to medication prescribed to wean her off hard drugs. On the same day, Weston-super-Mare Grand Pier burned down for the second time in 80 years.
2011: Meat Loaf passed out on stage at the Trib Amphitheater in Pittsburgh during an apparent asthma attack.
2014: The UN Security Council holds an emergency meeting calling for an immediate and indefinite humanitarian ceasefire between Israel and Hamas.
2017: Pakistan’s Supreme Court rules that corruption charges against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif are enough to remove him from office.
2019: Egan Bernal becomes the first Colombian and Latin American winner of the Tour de France.
2020: Former Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak is found guilty of corruption, sentenced to 12 years and fined nearly $50 million.
2021: At 19, Japanese gymnast Daiki Hashimoto becomes the youngest men’s Olympic individual artistic all-around champion in history at the Tokyo Games. On the same day, ZZ Top bassist Dusty Hill died at the age of 72.
BIRTHDAYS: Sir Garfield Sobers, cricketer, 86; Gerald Casale, bassist/synthesizer (Devo) 74 years old; Simon Kirke, drummer (Free/Bad Company) 73; Steve Morse, guitarist (Deep Purple) 67; Beverley Craven, singer-songwriter, 59; Nick Banks, drummer (Pulp) 57; Michael Carrick, football coach, 41; John David Washington, actor, 37; Harry Kane, footballer, 29; Cher Lloyd, singer, 29 years old.